10 Grass Types For A Perfect Yard

ten grass types

My relation with my lawn is a bit like my relation with my girlfriend. The more I fall in love with it, the more I want to see it lush, happy and brimming with life. But, a lush expanse or grass cover is a tedious task to maintain. In fact, I find having an unmarred beautiful lawn is a bit high maintenance and too exhaustive of an effort. This got me thinking about folks who live with pets and children (I don’t so for me any grass type works). Those with additional members in the house won’t find lawn care easy at all in fact, you may even consider it more of a chore than hobby. So, making the right choices with respect to grass type is a must to maintain harmony with your lawn.

Maintenance is not the only factor that you must take into consideration. Different types of grass require varying climate and an odd lawn care routine. Remember, weather is a major factor and so is tolerance to weed. I have broadly classified grass types into warm, transitional and cool categories based on the weather and here are my top ten picks.

Note that this is not in order and neither do I promote any particular grass over the other. It all depends on where you live, what climate you have and how much of care you can give your lawn.

My Top Ten Pick

Buffalo Grass

It grows well in warm climate and weather, has good draught and water shortage tolerance along with a preference for dry conditions. It can be used if you live in a warm place and want to avoid use of fertilizers and pesticides. In short, it is low cost but has good yield. However, it can turn brown if not taken care of, in extreme weather and doesn’t glow emerald green as one would ideally like their lawn to look.

Carpet Grass

True to its name, this grass grows quickly, like a thick blanket provided it gets the right conditions to survive and flourish. It repels insects and is highly disease resistant making it a low maintenance grass type. As long as you regularly mow the lawn, this is one of the easiest grass to maintain. However, beware that this grass grows rather quickly and can become an infestation, leaking into your porch, backyard and other places if not controlled. Thankfully, it does provide a lush green cover.

Regular watering, a well drained soil and acidic composition helps in its sustenance and due to its Gulf Coast affinity, this grass can’t withstand freezing temperatures and requires the sun or even shade to persevere.

Bent Grass

The name might be Bent Grass, but this grass makes for one of the lushest green and royal lawns, quite similar to what you see on TV. It is a cool season grass and needs a lot of tender love and care. Basically, it is a high maintenance grass. Nevertheless, the lush green color and the beautiful cover it provides the yard is a small price to pay for. It takes time to grow, spread and needs good amount of care in terms of regular watering, cleaning, mowing, and fertilizers but the result is just too beautiful miss out on. Personally, I prefer Bent grass for its English country estate appearance but if you tend to treat lawn care as a necessity rather than choice then don’t use this type.

Rye Grass

A grass for the temperate climates that is best suited to busy lawns. If you use your lawn for a lot of outdoor activities then Perennial Rye grass is the only type you should be looking at. It grows fast, needs regular watering, is pest resistant, and retards the growth of any weeds. It also needs regular mowing but is one great and healthy grass to have in your backyard. Besides, it also looks beautiful. The biggest advantage of this grass type is its resistance to wet soil and the fact that it quickly establishes itself.

Centipede Grass

Centipede is the grass for places where soil is lacking in required nutrients and climate is warm. It is not cold resistant and fares rather poorly in Alkaline conditions. This grass grows slowly but once its established, you have yourself a low-maintenance self-sustaining lawn that only needs occasional mowing and watering. After an initial preparation with sand and iron to eliminate Alkaline conditions, and once Centipede grass has taken a hold over your lawn, you can wait, sit back and relax as it slowly inches ahead over months. Be careful not to grow this grass in climates that have more than 2 months of freezing temperatures as it will die out in a matter of weeks.

St. Augustine Grass

This is no Saint, it is a heavy drinker and a heavy maintenance grass. On the flipside, it is also one of the quickest growing and shade tolerant grasses around. Moreover, it is salt resistant and tends to discourage growth of weed. The ability to fend off higher temperatures makes this an ideal choice for hot and humid climates. But beware it needs constant weekly mowing during the summers and has to be continuously fertilized if you intend to keep its lush green cover.

Fine Fescue

True to its name, this grass is excellent for maintaining a picturesque lawn. But beware you better love gardening if you want to mix in Fine Fescue into your grass variations. It is not very aggressive and needs a lot of attention. It comes in many varieties and one can chose depending on the exact lawn requirements and climate. Treat it like you would your baby and you got yourself one of the most spectacular grass covers nature has to offer. The most commonly used variations of Fine Fescue are Red Fescue and Chewing Fescue.

Tall Fescue

An excellent cool season grass that withstands shade and sun just as well as it handles transitional weather, this grass is a good addition to a lawn that receives low water, less fertilizers and very little effort. Where other grass types would die out, this one will survive and flourish just fine even with heavy foot traffic. Just remember to mow the lawn regularly during summers.

Bermuda Grass

Bermuda grass is a persistent strain that tends to grow helter-skelter if not checked. Not everyone admires this particular grass but most will learn to respect its tenacity to find places to flourish. It grows thick, fast, and can stand heavy use, wear and tear. It spreads very easily and hence the growth needs to be contained and monitored. It requires frequent thatching and watering to prevent it from going yellow.

Kentucky Blue Grass

One of the oldest strains of grass native to North America, Kentucky Blue Grass, as the name would suggest has got nothing to do with the state of Kentucky. In fact, this is a migrant strain that was initially brought from far off European lands for its tenacity to handle cold seasons and yet survive through hot humid climates. It has a dense cover and is a blue-green shade. Besides, I find this grass highly tolerant of shaded locations and use it in my mix for lining my lawn closest to my porch.

There are plenty of variations in the ten grass varieties I mention here and you can get disease resistant genetically modified strains if you like but always remember to first ask around and find out the best grass types for your specific climate and then make a sensible choice. At the end of the day, a lush green cover is only as good as it remains just that.

PS: The types of grass I discussed here can be used together in any ratio you so desire. In fact, I advise doing so based on your local climate to sustain through cold and hot periods of the year.

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